Nature vs. Nurture is a very common debate from early psychology, and is fairly well-known from basic psychology classes. It is the study of how genes and experience work together to make you who you are today. Everyone has traits that they get from their parents. Whether this is hair color, height, or blood pressure, these things can affect the things that you do and the person you become. Everyone also has life experiences that they have had during their life time. Learning and practicing affect the things you do and how you do them, so life experiences also shape the person you become.
Our parents pass on genetic information to us that determines many of the things about us. These things can affect what we do and how we do them. A person who is tall will probably have an easier time high-jumping than a short person, and a person with high blood pressure is more likely to have a stroke. The traits that we have decide things about us, over which we have no control, and these things can have powerful effects on who we are and what we can do.
Every person alive has different experiences in his or her life that affect the person that he or she becomes. These experiences affect how we react and think about things, how good we are at things, and what we have learned. A child attacked by a dog, may now fear dogs, athletes get better after practice, and a student learns math when taught by the math instructor. Experiences determine who you are by controlling how you react/feel, how skilled you are, or what you know.
Overall, the person that you become is determined by the relationship between your traits (nature) and your experience (nurture). As Susan Schneider said in an article for a behavioral analysis journal, “The crux of the matter is that genes and environment must work together to produce any aspect of any living thing” (Schneider). This is a peer reviewed journal article about the fact that nature and nurture must both work together, yet Gladwell did not mention any effect of genes and contributed it entirely to nurture.